Raise - To increase the amount of the bet.
When you are facing a bet from another player, you will typically have the option to fold, call, or
raise. If you “fold” it means that you throw your
hand away and concede the
pot to the other players who remain in the hand. This
is your best option if you do not want to match the wager your opponent has bet. If you “call” it means you match the wager that your
opponent bet. This gives you the right to proceed in the hand. If you raise, it means you increase the current wager by an amount that
constitutes a legal raise, as defined by house rules. House rules regarding raising can vary from poker room to poker room. Rules
pertaining to raising also differ between games with structured betting and those with unstructured betting.
In a Limit Holdem Game, the betting is structured. This means that the size of the bets and raises on each betting round are dictated
by the stakes of the game. For example a $3/$6 Limit Hold’em game would have a $3 small bet and a $6 big bet, and bets and raises
would be required to be in exactly those amounts. In No-Limit and Pot Limit Hold’em, the betting is unstructured. This means that in
No-Limit play, a player may bet any amount equal to or greater than the minimum established wager, up to their entire stack, and in
Pot-Limit play, a player may bet any amount equal to or greater than the minimum established wager, up to the size of the pot. In
these games, the minimum wager is established by the amount of the
big blind. This remains the minimum wager
throughout the hand until a player increases it.
Rules regarding raising can get a little tricky, especially for games with unstructured betting. In most poker rooms, the raise rule
for No-Limit and Pot-Limit play would be phrased something like “In order to constitute a legal raise, the increase in the wager must
be equal to or greater than the amount of the previous bet or raise.” The problem is that the “previous bet or raise” amount may only
be a part of the wager you are currently facing. That is because the “previous bet or raise” amount is only the amount added to the
current wager by the last player to bet or raise. If there was no previous action on a betting round, then a player’s bet will
establish the minimum wager for that betting round, an be the entire amount of the current wager. Often, this will not be the case,
and the current wager will also include blind bets or earlier action from the same betting round. In the traditional raise rule, the
minimum raise requirement is based only on the action of the last player to bet or raise.
Consider the following, in a $5/$10 blind No-Limit Hold’em game, a player raises to $20 before the flop. This constitutes a legal
raise because the increase is “equal to or greater than the amount of the previous bet or raise.” In this case, the previous bet or
raise was the $10 blind bet. In order to make a legal raise, the raise had to increase the wager by at least the amount established by
the big blind, or $10. Our player’s raise to $20 consists of a $10 call and a $10 raise, which constitutes a legal raise. Now, the
total amount of the current wager is $20, but the previous player only raised $10. In this situation, the amount of the minimum
established wager has not been changed, it remains at $10. Under the traditional raise rule, if a third player wanted to reraise, they
would have to increase the wager by at least the minimum established amount, or $10. If our third player wanted to reraise the minimum
amount, he would make it $30 to go, which would consist of a $20 call and a $10 raise. But, the game is No-Limit, and our third player
elects to raise more than the minimum. He makes it $40 to go, which can be broken down into a $20 call and a $20 raise. The rules of
No-Limit Hold’em state that the minimum bet amount, once established for a particular betting round, cannot be regressive. In other
words, the minimum bet for any particular betting round can only stay the same or increase, it can never decrease. When our third
player made it $40 to go, his $20 raise increased the minimum wager from $10 to $20. This means that if the initial raiser wanted to
reraise when the action got back to him, he would have to make it a minimum of $60 to go, consisting of a $40 call and a $20 raise. Of
course, that would be the minimum reraise, but since we are playing No-Limit, he could theoretically bet up to his entire stack. On
subsequent betting rounds, the minimum wager reverts back to its initial amount of $10, as established by the size of the big blind.
Increases to the minimum wager do not carry over from betting round to betting round.
Since this can all be a little confusing, some clubs have implemented a simplified raising rule that states that a legal raise must be
“equal to or greater than the entire amount of the current wager.” With the simplified raise rule, the amount that the previous actor
bet or raised is irrelevant. Here, the minimum wager is set at the entire amount of the current wager, including all prior action.
This is done for simplicity’s sake, so that the current wager need not be broken down into a call amount and a raise amount. Consider
the previous situation where we were playing $5/$10 blind No-Limit Holdem, and a player raised and made it $20 to go. Under the
simplified raise rule, the minimum wager is now established at $20, the amount of the current wager. In this situation, if our third
player wanted to raise, he would have to make it a minimum of $40 to go, because he would have to at least double the current wager,
whereas with the other, more traditional raise rule, he could have made it a minimum of $30. With the simplified raise rule, if the
initial player wanted to reraise the $40, he would have to make it a minimum of $80 to go. You can see that with this simplified raise
rule, the minimum wager will tend to increase more often than with the tradition raise rule we discussed previously. Many poker
purists consider this simplified raise rule a bastardization of the rules of play, and dislike it intensely.
Usage: Raise it Up, I Raise, Check Raise, Check Raised, Raised Preflop
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